Disabilities-Wounds

Of 744 disabilities reported by the members of the 3rd Michigan during the war, 303 were disease and 389 were gunshot wounds. Indeed, one man in four would be shot during the war, and more than half of the men who served in the Old 3rd at one time or another would be disabled from wounds or disease. At least 42 men suffered the loss of a limb.

Some of the more common disabilities reported were:

  • 42 amputations, including 18 legs and 16 arms
  • 8 aphonia  (loss of voice)
  • 6 asthma
  • 6 bronchitis
  • 63 consumption
  • 5 deafness
  • 14 debility
  • 35 dysentery  (chronic diarrhea)
  • 5 epilepsy
  • 389 gunshots
  • 18 heart disease
  • 13 hemorrhoids
  • 5 hepatitis
  • 13 hernias
  • 3 insanity
  • 3 measles
  • 5 nephritis
  • 3 paraplegia/paralysis
  • 5 pneumonia
  • 2 rheumatic fever
  • 39 rheumatism
  • 2 sciatica
  • 5 spinal irritation
  • 2 sunstroke
  • 30 traumas or accidents
  • 8 typhoid fever
  • 7 varicocele
  • 8 varicose veins
  • 8 venereal disease

Wounded during the war
Of 388 men who were wounded while serving in the 3rd Michigan, 335, or more than 86% of the total wounded, suffered gunshot wounds gunshot wounds.Very few were wounded by cannon fire and virtually no reports of men being wounded by bayonet although hand-to-hand combat did happen. Company I had the highest number of men wounded (48), while Company A had the lowest number (28).

By engagement:

  • Fair Oaks, May 31, 1862 - 92
  • Groveton (Second Bull Run), August 31, 1862 - 100
  • Chancellorsville, May 5, 1863 - 41
  • Gettysburg, July 1-3, 1863 - 22
  • Mine Run, November 30, 1863 - 9
  • Wilderness , May 6, 1864 - 62
  • Spotsylvania, May 12, 1864 - 24

In the week of May 5-12, 1864, alone, the Old 3rd Michigan suffered 88 wounded (or nearly 23% of the total wounded).

  • First man wounded was Henry Kampe of Company C, at Germantown, Virginia, on July 17, 1861, the day before the Regiment was engaged at Blackburn’s Ford, near Bull Run.
  • Last man wounded in the regiment was Philo Wier of Company G on June 10, 1864; he subsequently died of his wounds on July 1
  • Last man wounded in wartime was George D. Hill, while serving as a member of the 1st Michigan cavalry, on April 9, 1865