Peter G. Archer

Peter G. Archer was born September 29, 1826, in Glasgow, Scotland, the son of Peter S. (d. 1844) and Ann (d. 1865).

Peter’s father died in Perth, Scotland in 1844 and around 1850, young Peter, along with his mother and older brother Charles, immigrated to the United States, eventually settling in Muskegon, Muskegon County, Michigan by 1854. By 1860 Peter was living with his older brother and his family along with their mother, Ann, in Muskegon where he worked as a farmer.

Peter was 34 years old and probably still living in Muskegon when he enlisted in Company H on May 13, 1861. (Company H, formerly the “Muskegon Rangers”, was made up largely of men from the vicinity of Muskegon and Newaygo counties.) Sometime in the summer of 1862 he injured his back and was admitted to Chesapeake hospital at Fortress Monroe. According to the report of one of the agents for the Michigan Soldiers’ Aid Society, who had been visiting the various hospitals in Fortress Monroe, Virginia and Baltimore, Maryland, Archer was in Chesapeake hospital near Fortress Monroe, suffering from an injured back. The agent reported that his injury was not severe and that he would “be well soon.” Indeed, he soon recovered and returned to the Regiment.

Peter was killed in action at Second Bull Run (Groveton), on August 29, 1862, and was presumably among the unknown soldiers who remains were reinterred in Arlington National Cemetery.

In 1862 his mother applied for a pension (application no. 13,446), but the certificate was never granted. She died in 1865.