Martin Bates

Martin Bates was born on September 2, 1846, in Michigan, the son of James C. (1820-1909) and Diantha (b. 1822).

New York natives James and Diantha were married and settled in Michigan by 1844 when their son Perry was born. By 1850 Martin was living with his family and several siblings on a farm in Rome, Lenawee County. By 1860 Martin was attending school with his older brother Perry and younger sister Caroline and living on a large farm with his parents in Rome, Lenawee County (his father owned some $2800 worth of real estate).

Martin stood 5’6” with blue eyes, dark hair and a light complexion, and was 17 years old and probably living with his family in Rome, Lenawee County, Michigan when he enlisted in Unassigned on March 10, 1864, at Rome for 3 years, crediting Rome. He was mustered the following day, on March 11 at Detroit. (His brother Perry had joined the Eighteenth Michigan infantry in 1862.)

There is no further record.

In fact, Martin probably never joined the Third Regiment, in fact there is no military service record found for Martin in the Third Michigan regiomental records at the National Archives.

It appears that he enlisted instead in Company E, Third Michigan cavalry at Adrian, Lenawee County on March 10 for 3 years, and was mustered on March 11. If this is in fact the same Martin Bates then he joined the Regiment at Lake Bluff, Arkansas on June 22, 1864. The regiment eventually moved to Carrollton, Louisiana in March of 1865 and participated in the siege of Mobile, Alabama during March and April. It then moved to occupy Mobile and was subsequently transferred to Baton Rouge, Louisiana and to Shreveport in early June. The regiment marched form Shreveport to San Antonio, Texas, from July 10-August 2 and went into garrison duty at San Antonio.

Martin died of dysentery and fever in the division hospital at San Antonio on September 15, 1865, and was buried in the “city cemetery” at San Antonio: grave no. 15.

In 1870 his parents were still living on a farm in Rome, Lenawee County; next door lived Perry and his family. By 1880 both James and Perry had moved their families to farms in Springport, Jackson County. In 1890 his mother applied for and received a pension (no. 381,054); and in 1895 his father also applied for and received a pension (no. 441148), drawing $12.00 per month by 1909.