The “Brown” Books

The state-sponsored “Brown” series of regimental histories provide a good overall background to each Michigan regiment’s role in the American Civil War; unfortunately the volume devoted to the Third Michigan Infantry suffers from several important shortcomings.

(While the Brown Books do indeed have a brown cover and back, the name derives from George Brown who, as adjutant general for the state of Michigan, oversaw the publication of the regimental history series.)

For example, when the Brown history of the Third Michigan Infantry is compared to the more exhaustive “Regimental Descriptive Rolls” (RDR), the individual biographical sketches in the former are often found incomplete and occasionally inaccurate. Strangely enough, much information was dropped and new errors introduced, when the RDRs were turned into the Brown books. The result was only a cursory review of each soldier’s service; and even then some soldiers were omitted. In fact, there are least 44 members of the regiment whose service record is not given in Volume 3 of the Brown regimental history series. Omitted soldiers include some of well-respected citizens of Grand Rapids both before and after the war, and some who rendered notable service during the war itself.

From this distance it is unclear why so many men were omitted. Take for example the service records of Corporal Don Lovell and Peter Weber of the Third Michigan, men who eventually became Majors in other Michigan regiments. Lovell is not listed at all in the Third Regimental history and Weber, who was killed in action while a member of another regiment, is simply listed “No further record.”

Similarly, seven members of the Third Michigan who are not in the regiment’s history are found in Volume 5 (5th Michigan Infantry) of the Brown books.

Still other members of the Third Regiment are not found anywhere in the series. Daniel Littlefield, a well-known Grand Rapids boy who enlisted as a Sergeant in the Third and who would become a commissioned officer, transferred to the Seventh Michigan Cavalry and died of disease in 1864, is left out of the sketches altogether. Also omitted (though is mentioned in the brief introductory history of Volume 3) was Edwin S. Pierce, a Grand Rapids merchant who began the war as Captain of Company E and ended his military service as a Lieutenant Colonel of the Third Michigan, serving alongside his brother Colonel Byron Pierce. Edwin would return to Grand Rapids where he became one of the city’s leading clothiers.

These were some of the most promising and well-known young men in Grand Rapids in 1861, yet it appears that by the time the Brown books were written their service in the Third Michigan had been virtually forgotten.

It appears that the Brown books relied primarily on information readily available in Michigan while little or no effort was made to mine the wealth of information available in Washington, DC. The federal records have their gaps too, however: unaccountably some twenty members of the Third Michigan Infantry have no service record at the National Archives.

Even Michigan sources were often underutilized. Allen Shattuck (a former member of Company G) was the Third Regiment’s unofficial historian. During the regimental association reunion banquet of 1896 it was reported that Shattuck had maintained a diary (which has yet to be uncovered by the author), and which apparently served as the basis for the numerous anecdotal speeches Shattuck would give during many of the reunion meetings. In 1904 it was reported that Shattuck had been authorized to proof the copy of the regiment’s Brown history volume then being prepared in Lansing by the state authorities.

However, when the regimental history was published the following year, Shattuck reported back to the association during its annual reunion held in Grand Rapids that he was unable to correct the history of the regiment undertaken by the Adjutant General's office. Whether it was because of time constraints, lack of cooperation from Lansing, or problems unique to Shattuck was not stated.

Another shortcoming of the Brown books is the absence of cross-references to other units in which the soldier served. This omission is especially glaring with the Third Michigan since so many of its members went on to serve in other units. By contrast, the RDRs heavily cross-referenced many state and military reference materials when compiling its sketches of each soldier in the 1880s.

For example, of the 432 men in the Third Michigan who were discharged for disability, 145 reentered the military; of the 40 officers who resigned on account of disability, 18 reentered the army; and of the 130 men mustered out with the regiment on June 10, 1864, 13 reentered the military. Only a tiny fraction of these reentries were reported in the Brown series. In some cases, the compilers of the Brown books must have been unaware of a soldier’s subsequent service. The RDRs were meticulous in noting the cross-referenced service for each man.

Joseph Brown - update 11/29/2016

Joseph A. Brown was born on August 7, 1825, in Colerain, Franklin County, Massachusetts, son of Massachusetts natives Thomas Brown (1802-1885) and Matilda Peck (1804-1847).

Thomas and Matilda were married on February 3, 1823, in Colerain, Franklin County, Massachusetts (they were both natives of Colerain). In 1830 Thomas was living in Colerain, Massachusetts. Sometime around 1831 Joseph’s family moved west to Pennsylvania and after Matilda died in 1847 Thomas returned to Colerain, Massachusetts. In 1853 he remarried to Mary Ann Oaks.

Joseph pushed on to Michigan, settling in Polkton, Ottawa County around April of 1850. (In 1850 there was a 25-year-old farmer named Joseph Brown, born in Massachusetts living in Yolo County, California.)

Joseph married 16-year-old New York native Sarah A. Lawton (1837-1913) in Polkton on December 28, 1852, and they had at least eight children: Arathusa (b. 1854), John C. Fremont (b. 1856), William A. (b. 1858), Edward A. (b. 1860), George (b. 1866-1879), Sarah E. (b. 1872), Joseph P. (1876-1921) and Edith J. (b. 1879).

By 1860 Joseph was working as a millwright and living with his wife in Polkton, Ottawa County. Next door lived the family of Abraham Peck, probably Matilda’s brother. Near by lived Henry Himelberger and his family; Henry too would serve in the 3rd Michigan.

Joseph stood 5’8” with blue eyes, brown hair and a dark complexion and was 35 years old and probably still living in Ottawa County when he enlisted as Eighth Corporal in Company I on May 13, 1861. (Company I was made up largely of men from Ottawa County, particularly from the eastern side of the County.)

Joseph was reported killed in action on August 29, 1862, at Second Bull Run, but in fact was only wounded by a gunshot to the left thigh. His wound produced a “fracture of upper third of left femur” and resulted “in permanent shortening of from 3 1/2 to four inches.” According to a statement Joseph gave in 1888, as a result of the wound he eventually “underwent an operation known as an excision of the head of the Femur.” Apparently on “March 21st, 1863, the head, neck and trochanter all being removed, and the shaft of the femur being cut off 6 inches below the head of the trochanter.” (Part of his femur was removed and subsequently placed in the Army Medical Museum at Washington.)  In a Report of Excisions of the Head of the Femur published by the Surgeon General’s Office:

The limb was kept in position by appropriate apparatus; but suppuration was profuse, and, on two occasions, fragments of bone were removed from the wound. Early in march, 1863, there was great swelling of the thigh, and discharge became scanty and fetid ad pus burrowed amidst the muscles. On March 21st, an exploratory incision was made from three inches above to five inches below the prominence of the great trochanter. The neck and upper extremity of the shaft of the femur were found to be extensively diseased, and excision was decided on. Surgeon D. P. Smith, U.S.V., performed the operation. Difficulty was experienced in separating the muscular attachments from the trochanters, on account of foliaceous masses of callus that had been thrown out. When this dissection was accomplished, many necrosed fragments were extracted, and the periosteum and new bone separated by the handle of the scalpel and preserved as far as practicable. The shaft of the femur was then divided by powerful cutting bone forceps, about six inches below the tip of the great trochanter. A screw was driven into the mass of callus, below the trochanters, to be used as a lever in disarticulating the head, but it would not hold, and the bone seized with large forceps and rotated, so as to facilitate the division of the capsular and round ligaments. The head, neck, and trochanters, and the masses of callus adhering to the trochanters, were then removed. The operation was accomplished with but very trifling hemorrhage, yet great prostration followed and the patient rallied slowly. As the anesthesia passed off, he had much nausea and vomiting. As soon as this subsided, he was given a very full allowance of concentrated nourishment, such as strong beef-tea eggs, milk, etc., with half an ounce of brandy every two hours. The wound was partially closed; the limb was supported on pillows until the third day, when it was dressed in a Smith’s anterior splint. About forty-eight hours after the operation an erysipelatous blush pervaded the limb and the constitutional symptoms assumed a typhoid character. A female catheter was passed though the middle of the wound and another at its lower extremity, through which much offensive decomposed serum and grumous blood escaped. The wound was thoroughly washed out through the catheters with warm water impregnated with chlorinated soda. On the fifth day there was a rigor, and hemorrhage to the extent of six ounces. As the anterior splint did not permit convenient access to the limb, it was removed, and the leg and thigh suspended in a canvas hammock, the leg being horizontal and the thigh in san almost vertical position. A piece of soft toweling extending from the perineum to the popliteal space, and, connected by cords with an upright post at the head of the bed, supported by the muscles on the sides and under surface of the thigh. The wound freely discharged synovia, bloody serum, and thin pus, until the seventh day, when healthy suppuration was fairly established. During April, 1863, the patient’s progress was satisfactory. He was supplied with a very nutritious diet, with porter, and cod-liver oil. He took for a time as much as half a pint of oil daily. During May, the case continued to progress favorably. It was necessary to keep a tube in the wound until June 1st. Previously, whenever it was removed pus would accumulate and burrow. A mesh of suture wire was finally substituted for the tube. This was retained until June 20th, when the patient began to get about on crutches. In the latter part of July the wounds closed.

By mid-September he was reported in Fairfax Seminary Hospital in Alexandria, Virginia, and was discharged for disability on August 25, 1863, at Fairfax Seminary hospital, Virginia.

After his discharge from the army Joseph returned to Michigan and by 1864 had settled in Coopersville, Ottawa County where he lived for many years working as a miller.

On March 21, 1864, he wrote from his home in Coopersville, Michigan, that his "health was good; that he had some control over the movements of the thigh, being able, when standing on the right foot, to swing the left backward and forward, and to adduct the thigh enough to carry the injured limb across the other. He could bear some weight on the limb, and use but one crutch, with a stirrup for the foot. There had been no fistulous orifices since March, 1864, and there was no soreness about the cicatrices. In November, 1865, in accordance with a request from the Surgeon General’s Office, Mr. Brown had a photograph taken to represent the amount of deformity in his limb. . . . The excised bone is preserved at the museum. . ."

In 1867 he was appointed postmaster of Coopersville. On February 12, 1868, he wrote to the Surgeon General's Office:

“I take pleasure in informing you that my limb is in as good condition as when I last wrote you; but think there is no improvement, except that it is not as tender. There have been no abscesses, nor any pain in the limb, excepting slight pains about the knee, just before storms. About two years ago, I slipped and fell upon the ice, injuring the limb severely about the knee, and was thereby confined to the house for about three weeks. in March last I had a severe attack of ague. The limb swelled quite badly at this time, and was much inflamed for about ten days. I applied cold water and a bandage to reduce the swelling. I had to keep it bandaged about two weeks after the inflammation was removed. Since that time the limb has given me no more trouble than usual. Since I was discharged I cannot see that there is any lengthening of the limb. I have to use a crutch and cane all the time when moving about, and I think I shall always have to do this. The injured limb has wasted away somewhat since I last wrote. The circumference of the well limb at the upper extremity is 22 inches, and the injured limb measures at the same place 19 1/2 inches. The knee of the well limb measures around the centre of the knee-pan 15 1/2 inches; the injured limb measures at the same place 17 inches. The above measurements were made in the evening; I think that in the morning the measurements of the injured limb would be less. The knee still remains quite stiff, and gives me about all the pain there is anywhere int he limb. I have been troubled during the cold weather by coldness of the outer side of the leg, and I have to warm it by the fire before going to bed nearly every night when I have been out.” On November 19, 1868, another letter was received from Mr. Brown, from which the following extract is made: “ I take pleasure in informing you that my limb is in as good as condition as it has been at any time since it was entirely healed, and. if anything, in better condition. It does not pain me about the knee as much as it did one year ago. It does not have any spell of swelling at the knee as it did for the first two years after my discharge, and there is less soreness about the limb than there was even one year ago. I can get around without hurting it as much as formerly. I can bear some weight upon it. I have walked across a room without the aid of crutch or cane, by stepping very quick with the well limb; but it is more like hopping than walking. There have been no abscesses in the limb. I think that it is gradually improving, and hope that I may yet see the day that I can go without a crutch. My general health is good. I have not been sick a day for a year and a half, and then only a few days with ague. My weight is 167 1/2 pounds. Before I entered the army my weight was never quite up to those figures, but within a few pounds of t. I have been postmaster at this office for over a year, and have attended to all the business of the office almost entirely without assistance, and it gives me pretty good exercise.” 

Joseph was working as Postmaster and County Clerk in Coopersville in 1870.

On September 6, 1875, the date of his last examination for pension, the Grand Rapids Examining Board stated: “ There is now a false joint with shortening of the limb.” Since then this pensioner has been exempted from further surgical examinations. He as paid September 4, 1877, remaining in comparatively good health more than fourteen years after the operation.

He was still postmaster in 1879 and in 1880 and living in Coopersville with his wife and children. (In fact he probably lived the remainder of his life in eastern Ottawa County, probably in the Coopersville-Nunica area.)

In 1883 he was still living in Coopersville, where he also served as a Justice of the Peace and a notary public. That same year he was drawing $18.00 per month (pension no. 19,511), drawing $46.00 per month by 1908.

He was also a member of the Old Third Michigan Infantry Association. In 1890 and 1895 he was living in Nunica, Ottawa County.

Joseph died of general debility on June 17, 1908, at his home in Nunica. The funeral was held at Nunica on Sunday, June 21, Rev. Ingalls officiating. The text was “Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.” He was buried in Coopersville cemetery. Note that his government veteran's stone has almost completely disappeared into a nearby tree.

His widow received a pension (no. 667432).

John M. Brown

John M. Brown was born in 1842.

John was 19 years old and probably living and working in Newaygo County, Michigan, when he enlisted with the consent of the Justice of the Peace in Company K on May 13, 1861. During the opening phase of McClellan’s “Peninsular” campaign in Virginia, John was left sick at the hospital in Yorktown, Virginia, where he remained hospitalized from about May 4, 1862 through September.

From the battlefield at Fredericksburg, Virginia, on December 15, John wrote home to Michigan to a woman named Mariette, whom he had apparently known before the war.

With pleasure I attempt to scratch a few words to let you know that I am well. We have been in three days fight, and we are lying now on the brow of a hill supporting a battery. There is not much firing at the present time. The pickets [are] shooting some. There is wounded and dead men lying on the battlefield within 20 rods of us, and we went out with a flag of truce yesterday and today for permission to bring our wounded away and bury our dead, and the Rebs wouldn’t accept it, so the men has to lie on the field hollering for help and then we [dare] not go and get them. I can see them this present moment. Our pickets & the Rebel pickets is within talking distance. We can see the rebels. The main body of them is a half a mile of us. We are in the center. They are fighting on the left wing & right. There is some hard fighting before we can take the heights the rebels has possession of. We can see the rebels plain, and there is orders for us not to shoot unless they go to advance. I don’t know what minute I have to advance, so I cant write much & another thing, I can’t think of half of what I want to write, for my mind is on the fighting & I can’t think of anything else. Write soon. Perhaps I may get your letter, and I may be lying cold. There was some killed in my regt & a good many in the brigade. I will write more about it next time. I can’t express my feelings to you at present. Oh it looks hard _ men with their heads blowed off. Read this if you can. I got a letter from you the other day. Your friend, John M. B[rown]

He eventually recovered enough to be assigned on detached duty and by March of 1863 was reported on duty at Brigade headquarters. He apparently remained on detached service from the regiment and in April he was reported to be on recruiting duty, probably in Michigan.
John soon rejoined the Regiment, however, and was shot in the right knee on July 2, 1863, at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, probably while the Regiment was hotly engaged in the Peach orchard on the second day of the battle. He was subsequently hospitalized in Gettysburg where his leg was amputated at the First Division, Third Corps hospital.

John died of his wounds on July 12, 1863, at a hospital in Gettysburg, and was initially buried on Michael Fiscel’s farm and subsequently reinterred in Gettysburg National Cemetery: section D, grave 13.

There is no pension available.

Hiram Brown - updated 1/28/2017

Hiram Brown was born in November of 1848 in Sparta, Kent County, Michigan, the son of Pennsylvania natives Clark R. Brown (1810-1886) and Lucy Edmonds (1816-1854).

Clark and Lucy were married in 1832 and they moved to New York before 1834. Clark eventually brought his family on to Michigan between 1836 and 1838. By 1850 Hiram was living with his family on a farm in Sparta, Kent County. Lucy died February 10, 1854, and on July 10, 1854, Clark remarried to a widow by the name of Mary Friant Jenkins (her husband David had died by 1850). In 1860 Hiram was attending school with seven of his siblings, and living with his family in Sparta. (His father owned some $8000 worth of real estate.)

Hiram stood 5’10” with black eyes, brown hair and a light complexion, and was an 18-year-old farmer possibly living in Sparta, Kent County when he enlisted in Company F on January 22, 1864, at Grand Rapids for 3 years, crediting Sparta, and was mustered the same day. (He might have been related to Henry Brown who enlisted in Company F on February 5, 1864.)

He joined the Regiment February 17 at Grand Rapids and was wounded in the leg sometime in early May, probably during the various actions at the Wilderness or Spotsylvania, Virginia. He was transferred to Company F, 5th Michigan infantry upon consolidation of the 3rd and 5th Michigan Regiments on June 10, 1864, and was absent sick from June 2 through November of 1864. He apparently recovered his health and eventually rejoined the Regiment. According to Hiram, at a battle before Petersburg on April 2, 1865, he was hit in the left fore-arm by a musket ball which struck just below his left elbow, passing through. He was subsequently sent to City Point hospital where he remained for about three weeks and was then transferred to Lincoln hospital in Washington, DC. He remained at Lincoln hospital until he was discharged for disability on June 6 or 16, 1865, at Lincoln Hospital in Washington, DC.

After the war Hiram returned home to Sparta where he worked for many years as a farmer. In 1870 he was working as a farm laborer and living with his parents on the family farm in Sparta. In 1880 Hiram was working as a laborer and living with his older brother Ezra and his family in Sparta.

He was living in Sparta in 1883.

Hiram was living in Kent City when he married Anna Whittington (b. 1862) of Morland on January 11, 1886, in Grand Rapids (Anna had been born in Casnovia, Muskegon County); they divorced in August of 1892.

Hiram was living in Kent City, Tyrone, Kent County in 1890 and working as a day laborer and living alone in Sparta in 1900.

He was a member of the Old 3rd Michigan Infantry Association, a Protestant, and in 1880 he applied for and received pension no. 227,469, drawing $10.00 per month by 1901.

Hiram was possibly living in Hersey, Osceola County in 1901 when he was admitted as a single man to the Michigan Soldiers’ Home (no. 3620) on May 20, 1901.

Hiram was probably on furlough from the Home when he died of Bright’s Disease on August 2, 1901, in Hersey and was buried next to his parents in section 85, Englishville, Kent County.

Henry Brown

Henry Brown was born 1849 in Niles, Berrien County, Michigan, the son of Robert (b. 1820) and Ellen (b. 1820).

Canadian-born Robert married Ireland native Ellen (she was unable to read or write in 1860) and by 1844 they were living in Canada. Between 1844 and 1849 the family settled in Michigan and by 1850 Henry was living with his family in Division 10 of Berrien County. By the late 1850s Robert had settled his family in Grand Rapids, Kent County, where he worked as a railroad contractor.

By 1860 Henry was attending school with his younger sister Sarah and living with his family in Grand Rapids’ Fifth Ward. Sometime in the latter half of 1860 Robert left home on business and was never seen again. According to Charles Ellet, who knew the Brown family before the war (and who would join Company B, Third Michigan infantry in the spring of 1861), “on or about the year 1859 or 1860 Robert Brown left [Grand Rapids] on business. He being a railroad contractor at times he was away for several months. At the time he left the last time in year 1859 or 1860 he never returned. I do know that he was a good, kind and affectionate husband. . . .”

Henry stood 5’2” with blue eyes, light hair and a light complexion, and was an 18-year-old painter probably living in Grand Rapids (or perhaps in Muskegon, Muskegon County) when he enlisted with his mother’s consent as a Musician in Company F on February 5, 1864, at Grand Rapids for 3 years, crediting Muskegon, and was mustered the same day. (He might have been related to Hiram Brown of Sparta, Kent County, who would enlist in Company F on February 17, 1864.)

Henry joined the Regiment February 18 at Camp Bullock, Virginia, and that winter he tented with Asa Daniels, who was from Clinton County. Asa wrote home to his father, Andrew Daniels, sometime in early Spring of 1864 saying that “There is a young fellow here and he is in the same tent and he says that he wants you to write to him. His name is Henry Brown. He is the one that wrote my letters last winter.”

Henry was absent sick from May until he was transferred to Company F, Fifth Michigan infantry upon consolidation of the Third and Fifth Michigan Regiments on June 10, 1864. (His mother claimed that he contracted dysentery at Boydton Plank road on September 24, 1864.) Henry remained absent sick through December. Henry was mustered out of service on July 5, 1865, at Jeffersonville, Indiana.

After the war Henry returned to Michigan and was working as a painter and living with his mother and two younger siblings in Grand Rapids’ Fourth Ward. He was still living in Grand Rapids when he married Mrs. Lydia Barga or Bargy (b. 1845), also of Grand Rapids, on April 13, 1875, in Grand Rapids. By 1880 Henry was working as a house painter and living on Spring Street in Grand Rapids with his wife Lydia (several doors away lived another former member of the Old Third, Orin Huntley).

However, this marriage was reportedly rendered void when it was discovered that Lydia married Henry prior to her divorce from her first husband. Lydia claimed in early 1887 that she had indeed been married before, in 1855, to one Henry Bargy, in New York, but that they separated in 1867 and she never heard from him again “either directly or indirectly excepting that immediately after her separation . . . Bargy was sentenced to imprisonment for a criminal offence and she was advised that a divorce was unnecessary and consequently never applied for a divorce, and up to the time of her remarriage [to Henry Brown] and subsequently to the [1887] she has never heard directly or indirectly whether [Bargy] was living or dead, but on the contrary presumed him to have been dead.” It is not known what became of all this.

Henry was possibly a member of the Old Third Michigan Infantry Association, but the association records remain unclear about this.

Henry died of chronic diarrhea on November 3, 1886, in Big Rapids, Mecosta County and was presumably buried there (or he may be buried in Gratiot County).

Henry's mother was living in Grand Rapids in 1890 and in Big Rapids in 1891; she was granted a dependent mother’s pension no. 569099. Lydia was living in Big Rapids (box 305) when she applied for a pension (claim no. 349,473)

Eli W. Brown updated 2/24/2008

Eli W. Brown was born March 20, 1840, in Columbus, Warren County, Pennsylvania, the son of William F. (1818-1894) and Mary (Ploof, b. 1822).

Massachusetts native William married New York born Mary, and they eventually settled in Pennsylvania (William’s father and family had settled in Warren County, Pennsylvania in about 1833. In 1840 there was one William Brown living in Columbus, Warren County, Pennsylvania, and one William T. Brown living in Freehold, Warren County, Pennsylvania.) By 1850 Eli was living with his parents -- his mother was listed as unable to read or write -- and two younger siblings on a farm in Freehold, Warren County, Pennsylvania. In1856 Eli reportedly left Warren County and moved westward, eventually settling in Eaton County, Michigan, where he lived until 1858, settling thereafter in Portland, Ionia County. Eli’s father William was probably living in Michigan when he married Michigan native Louisa M. Miner (d. 1887) in 1857.

It appears that William was probably living in Michigan around 1859 when his son Jay was born. In any case, William soon returned to Freehold, Warren County, Pennsylvania, and by 1860 was working as a laborer and living with his wife Sarah and four sons – but not apparently including Eli.

Eli stood 6’1” with blue eyes, black hair and a black complexion and was a 21-year-old farmer possibly living in Lyons, Ionia County when he enlisted as Fifth Corporal in Company E on May 13, 1861. (Company E was composed in large part by men from Clinton, Eaton and Ingham counties, as well as parts of Ionia County.)

He was wounded on May 3, 1863, at the battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia, but apparently quickly recovered. According to Andrew Kilpatrick, also of Company E, Eli was a Private present for duty with the regiment in late May. According to Kilpatrick, Eli was under arrest in mid-June of 1863, and indeed he was reported as absent under arrest from June through July of 1863, offense(s) unknown. He was listed as absent sick from August of 1863 through February of 1864, when he probably rejoined the Regiment near Brandy Station, Virginia, and reenlisted on March 9, 1864, crediting Grand Haven, Ottawa County.

Eli was absent on veteran’s furlough in April, and probably rejoined the Regiment on or about the first of May. In any case, Eli was absent in the hospital when he was transferred to Company E, Fifth Michigan infantry upon consolidation of the Third and Fifth Michigan Regiments on June 10, 1864. He remained hospitalized through July of 1864, and was mustered out of service on July 5, 1865, at Jeffersonville, Indiana.

After the war Eli returned to Michigan and was probably living in the vicinity of North Star, Gratiot County, when he married Michigan native Lucy J. Delap (1840-1890), on August 16, 1865, in North Star.

He and Lucy were living in Bad River, Gratiot County in 1870, the same year he purchased nearly 170 acres in Gratiot County, and indeed he lived in Gratiot County (possibly for a time around Stella), from the time he was discharged until May or June of 1871 when he moved to Grand Island, Hall County, Nebraska. He remained in Grand Island until the fall of 1876 when he moved to Sidney, Nebraska remaining there until the spring of the following year. He then settled in Black Hills, Bismarck, South Dakota, living there until 1880 when he moved to Billings, Montana; he was reportedly living in Billings in the early 1880s. He moved around quite a bit until about 1885 when he returned to Michigan, settling in Manistique, Schoolcraft County.

By 1890 Eli was still living in Manistique, and although the following year he was reported living in Manistee, Manistee County, he was back in Manistique by 1892. He left Manistique in 1893 or 1894, and by 1894 was residing in North Star, Gratiot County; he was still living in North Star in 1897 and in 1898. For many years he worked as a farmer and as a builder and contractor.

He was a member of the Old Third Michigan Infantry Association and a Protestant. In 1890 he applied for and received pension no. 715,363, drawing $12.00 per month by 1902.

Eli was a widower when he was admitted to the Michigan Soldiers’ Home on August 6, 1900 (no. 3436).

Eli died of stomach cancer at the Home on October 29, 1903, and his body was sent to North Star for burial. (See photo G-665).

Charles Brown

Charles Brown was born 1830, Baden, Germany .

Charles left Germany and immigrated to the United States, eventually settling in Michigan by 1863.

He stood 5’8” with hazel eyes, dark hair and a fair complexion and was a 33-year-old chair-maker who had possibly just moved to Erin, Macomb County from New York City when he became a substitute for George Pressel, who had been drafted on February 17, 1863, for 9 months from Erin. Charles subsequently enlisted in Unassigned on March 3, 1863, at Erin for 3 years, crediting Erin.

There is no further record.

Anderson Brown

Anderson Brown was born 1844 in Ashtabula or Williamsfield, Ashtabula County, Ohio.

In 1840 there was one John G. Brown living in Williamsfield, Ashtabula County, Ohio. By 1850 there was an Anderson Brown attending school with four of his older siblings and living with his family in Island Creek, Jefferson County, Ohio, where his father worked as a laborer. Anderson eventually left Ohio, possibly with his family, and moved westward, settling in Michigan.

Anderson was an 18-year-old laborer possibly living in Coldwater, Branch County when he enlisted in Company G on September 27, 1862, at Coldwater for 3 years, crediting Coldwater. He joined the Regiment on October 9, 1862, at Upton’s Hill, Virginia. He was absent sick in June of 1863, but eventually returned to duty. Anderson was taken prisoner on January 4, 1864, while on picket duty near Eldora, Virginia. He was confined first at Richmond, Virginia -- possibly in Libby prison -- on January 8, and subsequently transferred to Andersonville prison at Americus, Georgia on March 10, 1864.

Anderson was admitted to the prison hospital on September 11, where he died of chronic diarrhea on September 15, 1864. He was buried in Andersonville National Cemetery: no. 8869.

There appears to be no pension available.