John Allen Stanton UPSATE 13 July 2018

John Allen Stanton was born August 26, 1838, in Kent County, Michigan, the son of David Stanton and New York native Elizabeth Jennings (b. 1799). 

Between 1828 and 1836 the family moved to Michigan and by 1840 David may have been living in Girard, Branch County. By 1850 John was living with his mother and siblings in Tallmadge, Ottawa County; also living with them was John’s older brother Simon (listed as “Craman”) who would also join the 3rd Michigan. By 1860 John had probably moved to Paris, Kent County (listed as “Allen”) where he was living with his older brother Lorenzo. 

John stood 5’11” with blue eyes, light hair and a light complexion and was a 19-year-old lumberman possibly living in Grand Rapids’ 1st Ward when he enlisted in Company G on December 21, 1861, at Grand Rapids for 3 years, crediting Grand Rapids’ 1st Ward, and was mustered on December 23 at Detroit. (Simond Stanton, who may have been his older brother, would join Company E in 1864.) John was wounded slightly during the engagement at Second Bull Run on August 29, 1862, and subsequently detached as a teamster at Corps headquarters from December of 1862 through February of 1864. 

John reenlisted on March 27, 1864, in the field, and mustered on March 30 at Brandy Station, Virginia. He was transferred to Company E on April 2, at Brandy Station, and reported to be on veteran’s furlough through May of 1864. John was possibly still on detached service working as a teamster when he was transferred (as was Simond) to Company E, 5th Michigan Infantry upon consolidation of the 3rd and 5th Michigan Regiments on June 10, 1864, and was reported a teamster (as was Simond, see below) in May of 1865. He was mustered out on July 5, 1865, at Jeffersonville, Indiana. After the war John returned to Michigan. 

He married Michigan native Abigail Celia Hall (1846-1920) and they had at least three children: Adelbert (b. 1868), Percy (1875-1947) and Alice (b. 1879-1956, Mrs. Nesburg). 

By 1880 John was working as a “mover of houses” (probably with his brother Howard) and living with his wife and children in Wayland, Allegan County. By 1881 he was living in Pierson, Montcalm County, and in 1890 he was residing in Muskegon, Muskegon County, when he applied for and received a pension (no. 822912). By 1900 he was working as a day laborer and living with his wife and two children (Percy and Alice) in Custer, Mason County. 

He was a member of the Old 3rd Michigan Infantry Association. 

John died of acute bronchitis on August 21, 1907, in Scottville, Mason County. He was buried in Brookside Cemetery, Scottville. 

In September of 1907 his widow was living in Michigan when she applied for and received a pension (no. 636152). By 1920 she was living with her daughter Alice Nesburg and her family in Muskegon, Muskegon County.


Edmund B. Arthur UPDATE 13 July 2018

Edmund B. Arthur was born probably on October 30, 1837, in Chateauguay County, New York, the son of New Yorkers William B. Arthur (b. 1811) and Mary Polly Bostwick (1811-1902). 

In 1850 William and Polly along with their children Lucinda and Richard were living on a farm in Ellicott, Chautauqua, New York. In 1855 Edmund was living with his parents and brother Richard in Ellicott, New York. Edmund’s family left New York and moved westward, eventually settling in Saranac, Ionia County, Michigan.

Edmund was living in Saranac when he married New York native Harriet Matilda Belote (1837-1923) on February 22, 1859. They had at least five children: Jay R. (b. 1860), Asa Somers (1865-1918), Elwin M. (1863-1939), Elnora B. (1869-1952, Mrs. Gibson) and Mrs. Elmer Mallory. 

By 1860 Edmund was working as a laborer and living with his wife and son in Boston, Ionia County; also living with them was 9-year-old Inez Arthur. (His mother and younger siblings were also living in Boston in 1860.) Edmund was possibly living in Boston in July of 1860 when he and his younger brother Richard joined the Boston Light Artillery -- also known as the Boston Light Guard -- under the command of Captain Moses Houghton. (The BLA was a local militia company comprise mostly of men from the western side of Ionia County and many of whose members would serve as the nucleus for Company D of the 3rd Michigan infantry, which was composed in large part of men who came from western Ionia County and Eaton County and which would be organized in Grand Rapids in the spring of 1861. Indeed, Captain Houghton would also command Company D, 3rd Michigan.

Edmund was probably still living in Boston in July of 1860 when he and his younger brother Richard joined the Boston Light Artillery (also known as the Boston Light Guard), under the command of Captain Moses Houghton. (The Boston Light Guard was a local militia company comprise mostly of men from the western side of Ionia County and many of whose members would serve as the nucleus for Company D of the 3rd Michigan infantry which would be organized in Grand Rapids in the spring of 1861. Indeed, Moses Houghton would also command Company D, 3rd Michigan.)  

Edmund was 24 years old and working as a laborer probably living in Boston when he enlisted in Company D on December 21, 1861, at Grand Rapids for 3 years, was mustered on December 23 at Detroit (his brother Richard had enlisted in Company D in May). He was present for duty from January of 1862 through April, but was absent in the hospital at Fortress Monroe, Virginia, in May and June, recovering from a wound he received when he accidentally shot himself in the hand with a revolver. Edmund reportedly deserted from the general hospital in Alexandria, Virginia, on August 2 or 5, 1862, and he was on the deserter’s descriptive list for May 31, 1863, as having deserted from Washington, date unknown. 

There is no further record and no pension seems to be available. However, there is reason to believe that Edmund reentered the military while living in Pennsylvania. 

According to one report Edmund took his family and moved to Pennsylvania where he reportedly lived until enlisting in Company A, 9th (or 29th) Pennsylvania infantry on December 23, 1864, for one year, and was honorably discharged on December 25, 1865. After leaving the army Edmund apparently entered the Evangelical ministry and for some 20 years preached the gospel in several states. 

Edmund eventually returned to Michigan and settled near Ludington in Mason County, In 1900 he and Harriett were living in Amber, Mason County. He was living in Amber, Mason County in 1890 and 1894. (In fact, he was also listed as having served in the 29th Pennsylvania and discharged on July 1, 1865.) 

He was a member of the Grand Army of the Republic S. D. Haight post in Mason County.  

Edmund died of “old age” at his home on Crowley Street, in Scottville, Mason County, on Saturday, April 9, 1910, and the funeral services were held at the Grace Evangelical church in Scottville. He was buried in Brookside cemetery.


Mason County Burials

I've just finished updating the gravesite photos for the six men of the 3rd Michigan Infantry who are buried in Mason County, Michigan. Three are in Lakeside Cemetery, one in Tallman Cemetery and two in Brookside near Scottville. 


In Lakeside: John B. Marsh Sr. 1823-1900


In Lakeside: John Benson 1831-1903


In Lakeside: Walter W. Waite 1843-1905


In Tallman Cemetery: Albert M. Cole 1842-1922 (he transferred to the 3rd US Artillery)


In Brookside: Edmund B. Arthur 1837-1910


In Brookside: John Allen Stanton 1838-1907

Joseph Mason - updated 5/2/2017

Joseph Mason was born in 1820 in Ireland, probably the son of Irish natives the Rev. Joseph (1778-1871) and Jane (1784-1867) .

Joseph (younger) married Jane Radcliff (d. 1854) in Ireland on November 9, 1842, and they had at least two children: Elizabeth Frances (b. 1848) and George Andrew Armstrong (b. 1850 ).
Joseph and his extended family left Ireland sometime between 1848 and 1850. By 1850 Joseph was working as a and living with his wife and children in Greenfield, Wayne County, Michigan; also living with them were his parents and probably his sister Elizabeth Mason (b. 1829) and Elizabeth Conway (b. 1834). Jane died in August of 1854, presumably in Michigan. (Elizabeth Frances is also reportedly living with Thomas Radcliff in 1850 in Greenfield.)

By 1860 Joseph was a day laborer working for and/or living with James Magers, a farmer in Dewitt, Clinton County. That same year his daughter (?) Elizabeth Frances was living with the John Mason family in Chicago’s 7th Ward. Soon after the war broke out Joseph joined a Lansing militia company called the “Williams’ Rifles,” whose members would serve as the nucleus of Company G.

He was 41 years old and probably living in Clinton County (or perhaps in Lansing) when he enlisted as First Sergeant in Company G on May 10, 1861.

Joseph was taken sick soon after arriving at Cantonment Anderson in Grand Rapids. According to Corporal Joseph Stevens of Company G, Joseph was apparently sick, presumably in his quarters, in late May. “It is a wonder there are no more,” noted Stevens, “when we consider the cold and rainy weather for the past week.” And Frank Siverd, also of Company G, wrote home shortly before the regiment left Grand Rapids on June 13, 1861, that Joseph was “on the sick list, but is taken care of in our own quarters, and is not subject to hospital discipline.”

Joseph soon recovered, however, and was promoted to and commissioned Second Lieutenant on August 1, 1861, replacing Jerome Ten Eyck who had resigned, and on August 14, the Grand Rapids Enquirer wrote that his promotion “will be gratifying intelligence to his numerous friends in this state.” On September 30, Frank Siverd of Company G wrote from Fort Richardson, Virginia, where the Regiment was in garrison, that

The National fast day was generally observed in the army of Potomac; that is, there was no fatigue parties or drills, and all except those on outpost duty had a day of rest. Our company, under command of Lieutenant Masson [Mason], were on picket or outpost duty, and hence did not know of such a thing as fast day, except so far as the practical part is concerned. This picket duty is not the most agreeable imaginable. That portion of the lines which we occupied extended through a thick wood, heavily set with underbrush and traversed by deep ravines. The path was marked by cutting out a low brush, and blazing the trees. Along this path, our men were placed in squads of three or four, at intervals of from ten to twenty rods, with instructions to be continually watchful and on the alert, and to shoot any person approaching from the direction of the enemies lines, which were supposed to be from forty to sixty rods in advance of us. Both of these orders seemed to be superfluous, as our boys were too anxious to get a shot at a secesh not to improve every opportunity, and knew too well the character of a wily foe to relax vigilance whenever the nature of the country would enable an enemy to creep almost within reach of our bayonets without being observed.

In early February of 1862 Frank Siverd wrote to Lansing relating a story which indicated Joseph’s genuine feeling of concern for his men. Private Amasy Johnson of Company G had a leg shot off in a recent engagement and he “has received an honorable discharge and is on his way to Michigan.” Siverd went on to say that “He will carry with him through life a reminder of the sport we used to enjoy at the celebrated Munson Hill. He stops on his way to get an artificial leg, the funds for the purchase of which were contributed by the company. Each enlisted man gave one dollar, Lieutenant Mason ten dollars and twenty dollars were appropriated from the company fund, making a total of one hundred and one dollars.”

Joseph was himself wounded severely in the thigh on May 31, 1862, at Fair Oaks, Virginia, subsequently promoted and commissioned First Lieutenant on June 9, replacing Lieutenant Abram Whitney.

As a consequence of his wounds, by mid-June Mason had returned to Michigan on a furlough. On the morning of June 16 Mason, along with Colonel Stephen Champlin, Captain Stephen Lowing and Lieutenants Simon Brennan and George Dodge, all of the Third Michigan, arrived in Detroit where they spent the night at the Exchange Hotel. “All of these officers,” wrote the Detroit Free Press, “were seriously, but it is hoped not dangerously, wounded, in the late terrible battle. . . . Lieutenant Mason, of company G, was wounded, probably by a buckshot, in the thigh, the shot passing through the limb. The wounded officers, although suffering much pain, bore themselves with that fortitude which is characteristic of the brave Michigan Third, and each one is looking forward anxiously to the time when he shall be permitted again to take his place in the Regiment. . . . During their stay here they were called upon by several of our citizens and their wounds were carefully dressed by Dr. Clark. Messers Lyon and Barstow were also assiduous in their attendance upon them.”

In August Joseph was reported to be recruiting for the Regiment. Shortly after beginning his recruiting duties, Mason wrote to Colonel R. H. Smith in Detroit on August 5, 1862, that he had “been round the different towns adjacent to Lansing and find that the feeling among the people is, that they will go when ‘obliged to’.” Mason informed Colonel Smith, who was in charge of recruiting in the state as well as military commander in Detroit, that “I have found two of my company here who have been wounded at Fair Oaks. They are not in condition to return to their company, as their wounds are not yet healed. They are men who could exert considerable influence here were they detailed. The names are John Broad and William Clark. I have had 50 posters struck off also a notice in the weekly [Lansing] State Republican.”

Indeed, by the following day the Republican reported that “Lieutenant Joseph Mason, of the Michigan Third Regiment, will be at the Eagle Hotel, in this city, for a few days for the purpose of obtaining men to up company G, in said Regiment. This was the first company which left this city for the seat of war, and it has been an honor to our County. An opportunity is now offered to such as feel disposed to enlist under tried and experienced officers, and in a Regiment which has reaped glorious honors on the field of battle. For particulars enquire of Lieutenant Mason, at the Eagle Hotel.”

Joseph remained in Lansing recruiting until October 14 when he left the city to rejoin the Regiment.

Although he was still troubled by his old wound, by the 23rd he had returned to Company G. “The boys of the 3d,” Orderly Sergeant Homer Thayer wrote on October 24, “as usual, are in good spirits, and Co. ‘G’ especially, were much pleased yesterday by the return of Lieutenant Mason.” On October 26 Edgar Clark of Company G wrote to his wife that Mason had just returned to the regiment on Thursday, October 23. “how long he will stay with us is impossible to tell,” Clark added. “The talk is that he will be superseded by a captain from one of the other companies where it rightfully belongs to him. If they do, he will resign, and I would if I was in his place.” And three days later Charles Church of Company G wrote to his parents that Mason “is now with his company and I think who will soon be a capt. of Co. G. ”

Reflecting the widespread sentiment in the company, the Republican prematurely promoted Joseph to Captain of Company G. “Lieutenant Joseph Mason,” wrote the paper, “has been promoted to the rank of Captain of that company, and left this city yesterday morning for his Regiment. We congratulate both the Captain and the company on his promotion. He is every inch a good military officer, if we are any judge of what constitutes such. Captain Mason leaves in his place here Lieutenant Stevens, to recruit for Co. G. We advise all who will enlist in this vicinity, to offer themselves at once for service in this crack company in the crack Regiment of the army.”

Joseph was officially promoted to Captain on January 8, 1863, commissioned January 1, a fact also noted by Charles Church in a letter home on February 24, 1863.

Joseph was killed in action on May 3, 1863, at Chancellorsville, Virginia.

Homer Thayer wrote that Mason “was killed on Sunday, by a piece of shell while the Regiment were in line supporting a Battery. He was one of the best officers in the Regiment and his loss is felt deeply, especially by our Company to which he has belonged since its organization.” And Charles Church wrote soon afterwards that the wounded “laid on the battlefield until they were nearly dead and fly blown and maggoty. A great many of the poor wounded were burnt to death on the field. The woods caught fire from the bursting of shell. Captain Mason of my company was killed by a piece of shell and a few wounds.”

Two days after the battle Edgar Clark wrote that “a piece of solid shot struck [Mason] in the breast and killed him instantly.” And Dan Crotty of Company F, wrote some years after the war that he recalled “Falling behind a line in front of the Chancellorsville House, we get the order to lie down, which is done gladly for a few minutes rest. The rebels pour shot and shell into our midst, and many a poor fellow rolls over without a groan. Captain Mason is killed lying down by my side; a piece of shell takes him in the bowels and kills him instantly.”

In his official report on the participation of the Third Michigan at Chancellorsville, Colonel Byron R. Pierce of the Third Michigan wrote that he could not “speak in too high terms” of Mason’s actions during the battle, “for, while still suffering from a wound in the leg, received at Fair Oaks, which rendered him unfit for rapid marches, I always found him with his company, cheering on his men and setting an example worthy of a true soldier. We shall mourn his loss as one of the brave who have fallen in the defense of their country.” He added that Captain Mason along with several other officers killed and wounded at Chancellorsville, “were constantly with their companies, and distinguished themselves for bravery and coolness under fire.”

Joseph was presumably buried among the unknown soldiers interred on the battlefield at Chancellorsville. Edgar Clark wrote home on May 28, 1863, that the regiment was driven “two miles from where he died and none of us know what became of his body, where it is buried or not.”

The G.A.R. Joseph Mason Post No. 248 in Wacousta was named in his honor and a G.A.R. statue of Mason was erected, possibly in 1904, in Wacousta cemetery.

In 1863 Edward Mason and Thomas Radcliffe, guardians of Joseph’s children, and living in Detroit, Michigan, filed an application on their behalf for a minor child’s pension, which was granted (no. 52160).

Burdett Mason

Burdett Mason was born in 1844 in Michigan, probably the son of Louis (b. 1792) and Sally (b. 1804).

It is possible that he was the same “William B.” Mason whose parents were married sometime before 1835 and settled briefly in New York. Between 1835 and 1837 Louis moved his family to Michigan and by 1850 one “William B.” Mason, age 6, was living with Louis and Sally in Easton, Ionia County where Louis worked as a shoemaker. By 1860 Burdett attending school with his younger brother Alanson, and along with their older sister Loretta they were all living with the Isaac Finch family, on a large farm in Easton, Ionia County.

He stood 5’4” with gray eyes, light hair and a light complexion and was 18 years old and working as a farmer in Lowell, Kent County when he enlisted in Company C on February 24, 1862, crediting Lowell, and was mustered the same day. He reenlisted on February 28, 1864, near Culpeper, Virginia, was absent on veteran’s furlough in March, and returned to the Regiment in April. Burdett was transferred to Company I, Fifth Michigan infantry upon consolidation of the Third and Fifth Michigan Regiments on June 10, 1864. He was mustered out on July 5, 1865, at Jeffersonville, Indiana.

After the war Burdett returned to Ionia County, probably to Easton, Ionia County, where he worked as a farmer for some years. He was possibly married twice: first to New York native Martha (b. 1851) and second to Carrie Bell.

By 1870 he was working as a farmer and living in Easton, Ionia County with his wife Martha; next door lived one Oliver mason, probably an older brother. By 1880 he was working as a farm laborer and living with his wife and children with the family of Melvin Sprague living in Eaton, and in Orleans, Ionia County in 1890 and in Easton, Ionia County in 1894.

He was a member the Old Third Michigan Infantry Association and a Protestant.

In 1890 Burdett applied for and received a pension (no. 893750).

He was admitted to the Michigan Soldiers’ Home (no. 3143) on March 31, 1899. Burdette was discharged on May 11, 1903, readmitted on May 2, 1904, and discharged for the final time on September 4, 1907, probably to return to his home in Ionia County.

Burdett reportedly died at the Michigan Soldiers’ Home in Grand Rapids on November 4, 1917, and was buried in Oakwood cemetery in Lowell.