Henry Pool letters

Thanks to John Braden, noted expert on the 5th Michigan Infantry and a member of Company F, 3rd Michigan Infantry Reenactment Group, I have  copies of five letters written by Henry Pool (Company A) to the editor of the Jeffersonian Democrat, in Chardon, Ohio. (Henry had been born in Ohio and lived for a time in Geauga County.) Henry died of disease at the hospital at Savage Station, Virginia, on July 7, 1862. You can read Henry's updated biographical sketch right here.

field hospital at Savage Station, VA, after the battle of June 29, 1861

field hospital at Savage Station, VA, after the battle of June 29, 1861

John Shaft - update 8/30/2016

John Shaft was born in 1837 in either Canastota, Madison County, New York or Herkimer County, New York, the son of New York natives Jacob V. Sr. (1810-1886) and Margaret Jane (Putnam, 1820-1861).

John’s parents were married in 1836 in Geneva, Ontario County, Ohio, although both were living in New York at the time. They settled first in Canastota, Madison County, New York -- where Jacob had been living -- but soon moved on to Herkimer County, New York where they were living by 1840. By 1848 they had moved westward and were living in Shiawassee County, Michigan; and by 1850 had settled in Woddhull, Shiawassee County where John was attending school with his siblings (including his younger brother Charles would would also enlist in the 3rd Michigan Infantry). By 1860 John was working as a farm laborer with his father and living with his family in Owosso, Shiawassee County. (Jacob Sr. remarried in 1863 to Jane Offen Reed, in Venice, Sandusky County, Ohio.)

John stood 5’6” with blue eyes, brown hair and a light complexion and was a 25-year-old farmer probably living in Owosso’s 2nd Ward, Shiawassee County when he enlisted in Company G on May 13, 1861, probably with his younger brother Charles. According to Frank Siverd of Company G, during the first battle of Bull Run, Virginia, on Sunday, July 21, one of the Shaft boys was taken prisoner (he does not mention which one), along with Joshua Benson and Oscar Van Wormer, all of Company G. They were captured, wrote Siverd, “by four rebel scouts; they discovered the boys, and they showing too much pluck to be marched into the rebel camp, let them go. It is presumed they made pretty good double quick time from that to camp.”

By the late summer of 1862 John was reported sick in a general hospital since May 20. In mid-June of 1862 he was reported to have been left at the hospital near the Chickahominy River, and by late June he was sick in the hospital at White House landing, Virginia, suffering from fever, and he remained absent sick in the hospital from July of 1862 through August.

John allegedly deserted on September 21, 1862, at Upton’s Hill, Virginia, but in fact he had probably been absent in the hospital. He was eventually transferred to the Convalescent Camp near Alexandria, Virginia where he was discharged and returned to duty on February 21, 1863. He returned to the Regiment on March 8, 1863, at Camp Pitcher, Virginia, and was present for duty through the remainder of the year. He reenlisted on December 24, 1863, at Brandy Station, Virginia, crediting Owosso’s 2nd Ward and was probably absent on veteran’s furlough in January of 1864 (quite possibly with his brother).

While on furlough he married Mena Reamer, on January 23, 1864, at his father’s home in Sherman Township, Huron County, Ohio. The very same day his brother Charles married their step-sister Sanana Reed in Sherman.

He probably returned with his brother to the Regiment on or about the first of February.

He was wounded in the left arm and right leg in early May, but apparently recovered and was transferred to Company F, 5th Michigan Infantry upon consolidation of the 3rd and 5th Michigan Regiments on June 10, 1864. John was again wounded, this time  by a gunshot to one of his thighs sometime between June 12 and June 22, possibly near White House Landing, Virginia.

John died in as a result of his wounds at the division hospital on June 22 or 23, 1864, near Petersburg, Virginia. He was presumably buried among the unknown soldiers at Petersburg.

His widow -- who was unable to read or write -- was still residing in Sherman, Ohio in July of 1864 when she applied for and received a pension (no. 102,141).

By 1870 John’s father was living in York Station, Sandusky County, Ohio, when he applied for a dependent father’s pension (no. 140,250), and drawing $8.00 per month by 1870.

John West - update 8/30/2016

John West was born around 1821 in Bethany, New York.

John was married to New York native Susan E. Robins (b. 1821) on January 11, 1844, in Carlton, Orleans County, New York, and had at least five children: Charles Henry (b. 1845), Eugene Gillman (b. 1846), Harriet Imogen (b. 1849), Daniel Dwight (b. 1851) and Mary Sophia (b. 1854). By 1850 John was working as a laborer and living with his wife and children in Carlton, Orleans County, New York. Sometime between 1851 and 1855 John moved his family to Michigan, and by 1860 John was working as a farm laborer, unable to read or write and living with is wife and four children (including his oldest son Charles who would also join the 3rd Michigan) in Boston, Ionia County.

John was a 40-year-old farm laborer unable to read or write probably living in Boston, Ionia County when he enlisted in Company D, along with his son Charles, on November 14, 1861, at Grand Rapids for 3 years and was mustered on December 23 at Detroit. (Company D was composed in large part of men who came from western Ionia County and Eaton County.)

John was a regimental pioneer in December of 1862.

He died of disease on March 10, 1863, at Camp Pitcher, Virginia, near Falmouth, Virginia, and was presumably buried there.

In 1863 Susan was living in Boston, Ionia County, when she applied for and received a pension (no. 13117). In 1864 Susan remarried James Sanders (b. 1828) and in 1870 they were living in Boston, Ionia County; also living with them was her son Dwight and daughter Mary.

Andrew Nickerson - update 8/29/2016

Andrew Nickerson was born in 1834 in Ontario, Canada, the son of Elisha or Elihu (1804-1888) and Mary (Winegarden, b. 1814).

New York native Elihu married Canadian-born Mary Winegarden in Windham, Ontario in December of 1831. The family moved from Canada to Cattaraugus County, New York in 1838, then headed westward settling about 1840 in Lake County, Indiana, where they remained until sometime around 1848 when the family moved to Michigan. By 1850 Elisha was running a hotel in Prairieville, Barry County, where Andrew attended school with seven of his younger siblings, including his brother Edwin who would also join the Third Michigan. By 1860 Elisha or Elihu had moved the family to a farm in Leighton, Allegan County where Andrew worked as a farm laborer (along with his younger brother Edwin) and was living with his family.

He was 27 years old and probably still living in Allegan County when he enlisted as Fourth Sergeant in Company E on May 13, 1861; his younger brother Edwin would join Company E the following year.

It is quite possible that Andrew enlisted in the Hastings Rifle Company in April of 1861. That company was disbanded shortly after it arrived in Grand Rapids to join the Third Michgian infantry then forming at Cantonment Anderson south of city and its members distributed to other companies of the Regiment.

Andrew was promoted to First Sergeant on July 19 or July 23, 1861, at Hunter’s Farm, Virginia. He was subsequently promoted to Second Lieutenant and transferred to Company H on August 12, 1862, at Harrison’s Landing, Virginia, replacing Lieutenant Thomas Waters. On September 16, 1862, while the regiment was in camp near Alexandria, Virginia, Andrew wrote to the widow of John Call, formerly of Company E.

It becomes my painful duty to inform you that your husband is no more. He departed this life Sept. 8th, 1862, in the hospital at Alexandria. He died of wounds received in the battle of Groveton Aug. 29th, 1862. Early in the action he received a minie ball in the knee. He was borne from the field by his comrades. His wounds dressed and he was sent to the hospital. None suppose his wound would prove fatal, but it did. I deeply sympathize with you in your great loss. I have known your husband but little over a year yet he seemed as near to me as a brother. He was a favorite of the whole company, brave and generous to a fault. We all mourn his loss and yet almost envy him the proud death he died.

You will see by the note I enclose from the Surgeon in the Hospital that he left no effects of any value. His knapsack with his spare clothes was put aboard a vessel at Harrison’s Landing and when we received them after we returned form Manassas some of them we found to be rotted, having been exposed to the weather. Mr. Call’s was among this number. There was nothing in it except some blankets and a few clothes.

Any information that I can give you I will be most happy to impart. He had about 4 months pay due him at the time of his death.

With all respects, I remain yours truly, Andrew Nickerson, Lieut. Company E 3rd Mich Vol

In October Andrew was transferred to Company K and promoted to First Lieutenant on October 20, replacing Lieutenant Fred Stowe. He was home in Michigan during the winter of 1863, and rejoined the regiment in early March of that year. He was charged with neglect of duty, in that he reportedly forged discharge papers for a private, but nothing came of this apparently and he was never court-martialed.

Andrew was then appointed acting Regimental Quartermaster from July 13, 1863, through September, and in December he was on detached service in Michigan, probably recruiting for the Regiment.

Although he was still reported detached in Grand Rapids in January of 1864 (since December 28, 1863), he was promoted to Captain on January 18, 1864, and commissioned to date November 1, 1863. He eventually returned to the Regiment before the spring campaign of 1864, and was killed in action on May 6, 1864, at the Wilderness, Virginia.

According to Dan Crotty of Company F Nickerson was killed on May 7. Some years after the war Crotty wrote that during the engagement at the Wilderness, “The fearful butchery commences on the morning of the 7th, and charge after charge is made on both sides,” and at one point the Regiment had driven the rebels back inside their works. “They reform and drive us back. We take shelter in some temporary works thrown up by themselves, and here hold them in check for awhile. But they come down on us with superior numbers. We keep them on the other side for awhile, and a hand to hand fight takes place. Here is where Captain Nickerson, of company K, was killed by a bayonet thrust.”

Andrew was buried in Fredericksburg National Cemetery: grave 3550 (old 191).

In 1870 Elihu and Mary were living in Mason County where Elihu worked as a lawyer. (He owned some $6000 worth of real estate.)

Claudius B. Steele - update 8/30/2016

Claudius B. Steele was born in 1844 in Illinois, the son of Francis (1812-1850) and Rosetta J. (Andrews, b. 1813 )

Connecticut native Francis married Ohioan Rosetta sometime before 1837, possibly in Ohio where they were living by 1837. By 1840 they had moved to Illinois and eventually settled in Shirland, Winnebago County, Illinois where Francis died of cancer in January of 1850. That same year Claudius was attending school with his older siblings and living with his mother in Shirland, Illinois. Next door lived his uncle E. Woolcott Steel and his family; his family had settled in Ohio around 1831 and lived there until about 1841.

Claudius was 26 years old and possibly working in Muskegon County, Michigan, when he enlisted in Company F on May 13, 1861. He was wounded on May 4, 1863, at Chancellorsville, Virginia, and died on May 15 of his wounds at Camp Sickles, Virginia. Claudius was presumably buried among the unknown soldiers at Chancellorsville.

By 1866 his mother was living in Ashtabula County, Ohio when she applied for and received a pension (no. 143351). In October of 1867 she married one Mr. McMichael.

Edgar James Perkins - update 8/30/2016

Edgar James Perkins was born March 3, 1846 in Michigan, the son of Noah (1823-1862) and Elizabeth (1825-1846).

Noah moved his family from New York to Michigan sometime before 1846, and by 1850 had settled on a farm in Adrian, Lenawee County. In April of 1850 Noah remarried to New York native Ellen Turner (1827-1897) in Adrian, Michigan. By 1860 Edgar James was living with his family in Spring Lake, Ottawa County, where his father was a merchant.

Edgar was 15 years old and probably residing in Spring Lake when he enlisted in Company A on May 13, 1861. George Miller of Company A and a tentmate in the winter of 1861-61, called him “Ed,” and described Edgar as “a boy of 16 years, large of his age, intelligent and good natured, a first rate fellow.” (In September of 1861 Edgar’s father Noah was living in Mill Point, Ottawa County, when he enlisted as a sergeant in Company D, First Michigan Engineers & mechanics.)

He was killed in action on May 3, 1863, at Chancellorsville, Virginia, and presumably among the unknown soldiers buried at Chancellorsville.

His father had died of disease in March of 1862 at Louisville, Kentucky, and in August of 1863 his stepmother applied for and recieved a dependent widow’s pension (no. 33013). She eventually remarried George Lovell (father of Dan Lovell, formerly of the 3rd Michigan) and in 1867 applied for and received a minor child’s pension (no. 92597).

Richard P. Johnson - update 8/29/2016

Richard P. Johnson was born in 1838 in New York, the son of Andrew (d. 1842) and Catherine A. (Penny).

Richard’s parents were married in December of 1834 in New York City. The family left New York State and eventually settling in western Michigan. By 1850 Richard was living with the Michael Cromiger or Croniger family in Cascade, Kent County and attending school with one of the Cromiger children (although curiously his place of birth is listed as unknown). By 1860 Richard was working as a farm laborer and living at the Western Exchange Hotel in Cascade, which was operated by Daniel Cromiger (who had lived next door to Michael Cromiger in 1850). Shortly before the war broke out Richard joined the Valley City Guard, a prewar Grand Rapids’ militia company many of whose members would form the nucleus for Company A.

Richard was 23 years old when he enlisted in Company A on May 13, 1861.

He was killed in action on May 3, 1863, at Chancellorsville, Virginia, reportedly by an exploding shell, and was buried in Fredericksburg National Cemetery: grave no. 2965 (or old 2).

In June of 1863 his mother was living in Willoughby, Lake County, Ohio when she applied for and received a pension (no. 16873).

Malcolm J. Gillis - update 8/22/2016

Malcolm J. Gillis was born in 1839.

Malcolm was 22 years old and probably living in Muskegon County, Michigan, when he enlisted in Company H on May 13, 1861. (Company H, formerly the “Muskegon Rangers,” was made up largely of men from the vicinity of Muskegon and Newaygo counties.)

He died of disease on August 5, 1861, at Georgetown, DC, and is probably the same M. Gillis who served from Michigan and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

No pension seems to be available.

(Note the first photo is apparently shows a replacement marker without the original grave number though.)

Orin E. Fifield - update 5/15/2017

Orin E. Fifield was born in 1840 in New York, the son of New York native Charles P. (1812-1859) and Vermonter Eliza (b. 1815).

Charles and Eliza settled in New York by 1833 when their son John was born and where they resided for many years. By 1840 Charles (elder) was living in Pierrepont, St. Lawrence County, New York; and by 1850 Oren was attending school with several of his siblings and living on the family farm in Pierrepont, St. Lawrence County, New York. Sometime between 1850 and 1857 (when their daughters Emma and Alice were born) the family had settled in Michigan but after 1858 had moved to Illinois. By 1860 Orin, listed as “no occupation.” was living with his mother who was working as a farmer along with several siblings on a farm in Otto, Kankakee County, Illinois.

Orin was 21 years old and had probably just arrived in Grand Rapids, Michigan, from Iroquois County, Illinois when he enlisted in Company C on May 13, 1861. From January of 1863 through October he was probably employed as a teamster serving with the ambulance corps.

Orin was reportedly killed in action at Mine Run, Virginia, on November 30, 1863, and was presumably among the unknown soldiers buried there.

No pension seems to be available.

George W. Bugbee - update 12/14/2016

George W. Bugbee was born on November 5, 1844, in Sylvan, Washtenaw County, Michigan, the son of Connecticut-born John Corbin Bugbee (1811-1862) and New Yorker Sabrina H. Blake (1822-1873).

By 1850 the family was living in Orangeville, Barry County where George was attending school with his older brother. (Lewis was living in Prairieville, Barry County in 1860.) George stood 6’1” with blue eyes, brown hair and a fair complexion and was 19 years old and working as a farmer in Orangeville, Barry County when he enlisted in Company E on January 1, 1864, at Grand Rapids for 3 years, crediting Orangeville, and was mustered on January 5 at Grand Rapids. (He was possibly related to Edward Bugbee who was also from Barry County and who enlisted in Company K in 1861.) George joined the Regiment on February 10.

He was shot in the left hip on May 12 at Spotsylvania, Virginia. On May 25 he was admitted to Armory Square hospital in Washington, DC, and transferred on May 28 to Mt. Pleasant general hospital, also in Washington.

George was still absent wounded when he was transferred to Company E, 5th Michigan infantry upon consolidation of the 3rd and 5th Michigan Regiments on June 10, 1864. he never did returned to duty and remained absent until he was discharged on February 17, 1865, at Mt. Pleasant hospital for gunshot wound of the left hip with “the ball entering the central part of his buttock where it lodged, and the wound was still open.”

George gave Prairieville, Barry County as his mailing address on his discharge paper, and indeed he returned there after he left the army. In June of 1865 he was living in Prairieville when he applied for pension no. 77,483, drawing $6.00 per month by 1869 and $12 by 1912.

George married New York native Ellen R. Bitgood (1848-1876) on June 14, 1868, in Orangeville, Barry County and they had at least one child, a daughter Grace (b. 1872, Mrs. Swanson).

By 1870 George and Ellen were living on a farm in Orangeville, and he was living in Prairieville in 1873 when he testified in the pension claim of another former member of the Old Third, Reuben Babcock (also from Barry County).

By 1880 George was a widower, working as a laborer and as a servant in the boarding house run by his younger sister or sister-in-law (?) Lucy Bugbee in Orangeville. Also living with him was his daughter Grace.

George was living in Morley, Mecosta County in 1883, in Blain Township, Iosco County in 1890 and in Martiny (?), Mecosta County in 1894. By 1898 he was residing in Waitville, Monroe County and back in Orangeville by 1907. (He may again have been living with Lucy; she didn’t die until 1915.)

In 1907 George was living in Stokesville, Augusta County, Virginia.

George died on September 9, 1912, probably in Stokesville, Virginia and is buried in Mt. Zion Church Cemetery in Stokesville (so is his daughter Grace).

Alexandria National Cemetery

One of thirteen cemeteries located in a burial complex just off of Wilkes street in Alexandria, the national cemetery contained the remains of some 4,200 Union soliders who perished in nearby hospitals during the Civil War.

Note there is no regularly staffed office support and no map of the cemetery. However near the door of the office you can find a printed list of burials in a binder, arranged alphabetically. You can find a list of burials at Alexandria National Cemetery online at

The cemetery is in fact easy to get around.

With your back to the entrance on the right is section A and then to your far left is section B; graves are then numbered sequentially within each section and the number is printed on the top of the face of each headstone.

William H. Bailey - update 8/29/2016

William H. Bailey, also known as “William Baily”, was born 1841 in Michigan or New York, the son of Hannah (b. 1818).

William was living in Carmel, Eaton County, when he married Catharine D. Pangborn (b. 1842) on July 4, 1859, in Charlotte, Eaton County.

By 1860, however William, although reported to have been married within the previous year, was attending school and living with his mother and siblings on a farm in Carmel, Eaton County. (That same year there one Catharine A. Bailey was living in Grand Rapids with the Goff family; next door was the Pangborn family.)

William was 20 years old and possibly living in Charlotte or Eaton Rapids, Eaton County when he enlisted in Company D on May 13, 1861. (Company D was composed in large part of men who came from western Ionia County and Eaton County.)

On Tuesday September 17, 1861, while the regiment was encamped at Fort Richardson, Virginia, William wrote the editor of the Eaton County Republican in Charlotte.

Dear Sir:

Having a little spare time, I venture to give you a short account of the camp life of our volunteers:
At half past four in the morning we are summoned to roll call. At six our breakfast is ready, prepared by two or more men detailed for that especial duty. At 8 o'clock the sick call is beat, and those who desire a consultation with the doctor can have it by calling at his quarters. At half past eight o'clock the detail for working men is made, and not infrequently all the men not on guard and other duty are ordered to shoulder spades or picks and dig in the trenches, or to work on some unfinished battery. We work about three hours. When the tools are brought again to the tool house, each man receives one gill of whiskey, and judging from the faces made up, it must be “Old Rye”.
At nine o'clock the drum is beat for guard mounting, when a sufficient number are stationed around our camp and instructed in regard to examining passes. From this time till noon, the men are at their regular duties, and the camp is very quiet.
At twelve o'clock the drum is rolled for dinner, when our men partake of a repast in the shape of bean soup, bread and pork, and rice, which they seem to relish well. In the afternoon the men may be seen in the cool shade of some tree, engaged in writing to their friends -- the older ones writing to their families, while the younger ones write to their parents, their brothers and sisters, and perhaps to their 'sweethearts'.
At five in the afternoon comes the call to supper, which consists of bread and beef or pork, with rice and coffee, which is well relished.
As the evening sets in the men repair to their tents, where some indulge in smoking, some read and others listen. Later, the strains of some religious hymn, or some sentimental song may be heard, and not infrequently the well known strains of “Home, Sweet Home” may be heard from some of our boys who still remember the comforts of a life in dear old Michigan.

On October 10, William wrote the paper from Fort Lyon, Virginia, that since his last letter “nothing of special importance has happened.”

Troops are arriving and moving into positions assigned them with an activity that indicates plainly the intention of the government soon to make another attempt to suppress the rebellion. Whatever may be the character or result of the movement, I hope nothing will occur to discourage our troops. We have as resolute a set of men as any in the grand army. It was an undeniable fact that after the retreat of Bull Run our boys did not seem to be in the least discouraged. They said, only give is a few more men, and we can whip them to to one, at any time, in any place. The service they have since seen has rendered them still more confident; and now they are waiting with hopeful patience for the opportunity to redeem the credit of our arms. If the Michigan boys get into another fight they will pitch in with a determination never before shown.
Our regiment left Fort Richardson on the 13th inst. We marched down the Potomac River two miles below Alexandria and camped on Eagle Hill, near Fort Lyon, where we expect to spend the winter completing the fort, which is now unfinished. This fort will be as large as any on the Potomac, and will be mounted with 70 large guns.
We have become pretty well accustomed to camp life, and have learned to lie on the road-side, in the woods, and in almost every imaginable place. We have been out on the advance almost every week since we came to Virginia.
The weather continues warm and pleasant; we have had no frost here as yet. Everything is green and growing except corn which is mostly harvested. Crops are good in this region. Virginia would have raised enough to support her people if it had not been the seat of contending armies; but the soldiers have destroyed the greater part of the crops raised this year.
It is hoped that another twelve months will give success to our cause and bring this war to a close; but time alone can tell.

On January 16, 1862, William wrote informing the folks back home in Eaton County that the Third Michigan was presently

encamped at present at a place [some] four miles from Alexandria, in a southwestern direction on the Alexandria and Richmond road. Our camp is is a piece of woods, which makes good shelter from the chilly winds, and a convenient place to obtain wood for the camp-fire. The men have provided for themselves very good quarters, in the shape of log cabins, covered with long shingle made from the chestnut oak, which abounds here. The men are highly elated with the prospect of some new rifles, which we are to get in a few days. Our Regiment have been furnished with nothing but the common musket heretofore. These muskets are not a very good weapon for the business which we have been employed in, viz., that of picketing, skirmishing and scouting. We have been on the advance almost every week since we came to this State. Many times our company have been out on picket for a week at a time. Our Camp is in hearing of the rebel batteries at Cockpit Point. At the time of the running of the blockade by the Pensacola the flash of the rebels guns could be plainly seen from our camp. It resembled the flashes of lightening; but God be praised the magnificent Pensacola is now ploughing the brine in promotion of one of the noblest causes which every prompted the heart of man to action. Three of our boys have been taken prisoner by the rebels since we came to Virginia. One of them, who has been released, returned to our company the other day; he was held prisoner at Richmond, and does not look as if the rebels were so near starved out as is reported. The weather remains warm and pleasant, with the exception of now and then a snow storm; the snow has fallen about one inch deep at two different times this winter. The Republican is received with as much joy as a home letter; it brings the home news; and it reminds me of the days spent in the beautiful village of Charlotte. Receive a soldier's thanks.

William was on duty with the regiment as it advanced up the Virginia Peninsula in the spring of 1862. From near Yorktown, he wrote to the editor of the Eaton County Republican that the men of the Third Michigan were working on fortifying their position,

the men working directly in range of the rebels’ guns; of a shell weighing near 100 lbs. being thrown into the camp; and the whole letter is written in a cheerful and joyful spirit. He says that “Near the camp is a steam saw mill, which was abandoned, for the water was warm in the boiler when we reached it. An engineer, fireman, and sawyers, were found in a moment, in Comp. I, of our regiment, and were placed in the mill, which was soon as busily employed as ever, sawing lumber for the building of hospitals, officers’ quarters, etc. It stands in plain view of the rebel camps and tauntingly puffs away, as busily as when working for them. There is some considerable sickness in our regiment, but none seriously ill. It is thought that the ball will open soon, then once more we try the mettle of the southern chivalry.”

Soon after he wrote this letter home William became sick with fever probably during the “Peninsula” campaign and died in the hospital at Portsmouth, Virginia, on June 29, 1862. He was buried at Hampton National Cemetery: section B, grave no. 4738, Hampton section (old row 22, grave 9).

In 1863 his widow applied for and received pension no. 22630, drawing $8 per month in 1864 and increased to $12 per month by 1904.

In 1867 Catharine married Gilbert Hoag (d. 1880), in Bellevue, Eaton County, and then sometime after 1880 married his brother (?) L. W. Hoag, who died in 1904. That same year she was living in Alma, Gratiot County.