Yorktown NaCem

Calvin A. Wilsey

Calvin A. Wilsey was born in 1823 in Cattaraugus County, New York.

Calvin married New York native Sarah Ann (b. 1825) and they had at least three children: John Allen (b. 1847), Mary (b. 1850) and George (b. 1856). Calvin eventually left New York and he and his wife eventually settled in Michigan by 1847.

By 1850 they were living on a farm in Lyndon, Washtenaw County; also living with them was a 10-year-old girl named Eliza Jane Whitehorse or White House. By 1860 Calvin was working as a farmer (and owned some $1100 worth of real estate) and living with his wife and two children in Boston, Ionia County. Next door lived the family of Urias Storey; Urias, too, would join the Third Michigan.

He stood 6’3’ with gray eyes, light hair and a dark complexion, and was a 39-year-old farmer probably living in Boston when he enlisted in Company D on February 3, 1862, at Saranac, Ionia County for 3 years, and was mustered the same day. (Company D was composed in large part of men who came from western Ionia County and Eaton County.) He was dropped from the company rolls in compliance with G.O. no. 92 (War Department) regarding deserters.

In fact he died of typhoid fever on June 3, 1862, in the hospital at Yorktown, Virginia, and initially buried on June 3 in the hospital graveyard. He was interred in Yorktown National Cemetery: grave no. 1364.

In 1863 Sarah applied for and received a widow’s pension (no. 32479). Sarah eventually remarried one Mr. Devault and applied for and received a minor child’s pension (no. 151264).

Owen Trumbull

Owen Trumbull was born in 1833 in Michigan, the son of James (b. 1792) and Harriet (b. 1792).

Connecticut natives James and Harriet were born sometime before 1824 by which time they had settled in Michigan. The family eventually settled in Superior, Washtenaw County, where they were living in 1840. They were still living in Superior in 1850 where Owen worked as a farmer both on the family farm as well as for one Orin Faber or Taber and his wife in Superior. By 1860 two of Owen’s older brothers, Alva and Harvey had married and settled their families in Robinson, Ottawa County, on the western side of the state. Owen would probably join them shortly before or just after the war broke out.

Owen was 28 years old and possibly living in Robinson, Ottawa County, Michigan, when he enlisted in Company I on May 13, 1861. (Company I was made up largely of men from Ottawa County, particularly from the eastern side of the County.)

Owen died of typhoid fever on May 18, 1862, at Yorktown, Virginia, and was presumably buried among the unknown soldiers at Yorktown National Cemetery.

No pension seems to be available.

Harrison A. Sickles

Harrison A. Sickles was born in 1841, in Michigan and the son of James (b. 1797) and stepson of Lucy (b. 1801).

James was born in New Jersey and was probably married to New York native Lucy at some point before 1850. In any case, sometime between 1833 and 1836 James moved his family to Michigan and by 1850 Harrison was attending school with five of his older siblings and living with his family in Lansing, Ingham County. By 1860 James had moved his family to Dewitt, Clinton County.

Harrison was 20 years old and probably living in Clinton County when he enlisted with his parents’ consent in Company G on May 10, 1861.

Sometime in early spring of 1862 Harrison was struck down by typhoid fever. According to regimental records he died on either March 24 or 25th at Yorktown, although Frank Siverd also of Company G, intimated that he died in early April. And Sam Matthews, also of Company G, in an undated letter home but probably writen around April 11, 1862, noted that the company had lost tweo men since leaving Michigan (McRoberts and Sickles) and that one was “buried yesterday.” This must have referred to sickles since it was known that McRoberts had died while the reigment was at fortress Monroe on March 22 and was buried there. According to Frank Siverd Harrison was buried with military honors, and the “Rev. Mr. May, Chaplain of the Michigan 2d, officiated.” It seems likely that Harrison died on or about April 10.

According to the Regimental Surgeon Dr. Zenas Bliss,

The regiment was attached to General Berry’s brigade of General Kearney’s division of the Third Corps, and arrived at Fort Monroe on March 26th, 1862, and shortly afterwards moved to Yorktown, and encamped in a thick woods, intermingled with patches of swamp and pools of water, the ground being covered with fragments of fallen trees and decaying vegetable matter. Water could be obtained only by digging holes from two and a half to three feet in depth, and the surface obtained form these was all that the men had. The regiment remained in this camp about five weeks, and was doing picket and fatigue duty on trenches and fortifications all that time. A few intermittents and remittents [fevers] occurred, as also about forty cases of typhoid fever, all very severe, marked by epistaxis tympanitis, and, after a few days, hemorrhage from the bowels, the blood being evidently impoverished. Several of these cases proved fatal.

One case of typhus, marked by hemorrhage from the nose and bowels, and with petchiae and hemorrhagic spots on the surface, occurred in the regiment and proved fatal. All of these patients had active, supporting treatment throughout. The sick were cared for at a hospital, about a mile and a half to the rear, composed of log huts or barracks, built and formerly occupied by the 53d Virginia Volunteers (Confederate), upon a sandy soil, where we obtained an abundance of excellent well water. These barracks were well ventilated, and accommodated a large number of sick and wounded from both the regulars and volunteers. I saw all of the sick and what few wounded there were at this hospital and had immediate charge of very many sick who were members of various regiments; and nearly all of the cases were either low remittents or typhoid fever. I say remittents, because some of them might be easily classed as such; but I believed then, as now, that they were almost pure enteric fever. I held autopsies of all that died who were under my charge, six in number. No post mortem was held on the case of typhus. All the deaths from typhoid fever occurred late in the course of the disease, and the majority from hemorrhages from the bowels, one from coma, and the others apparently from pure exhaustion. The abdominal viscera were those principally examined. Peyer’s glands were found in each case in a state of ulceration; some very large ulcers; some healing while others were in an inflamed condition. Some of the ulcerations extended nearly through the coats of the intestines. I preserved the specimens in each case, but subsequently lost them during the campaign. The small intestines, through their entire length, gave evidence of previous inflammatory action; but all the other abdominal viscera gave no evidence of either organic or serious functional disease, and the soft parts and glands, when divided with the scalpel, seemed to be almost exsanguined. I wish the blood could have been analysed, because I feel confident that the primary trouble was there. In cases of epistaxis, the blood gave only a faint coloring to the spots on linen, and it did not give to the linen that stiffened feel that we get when it is saturated with ordinary blood, from both of which I infer that the blood was deficient in plasma and coloring matter, or defibrinated. In these cases, quinine, brandy, ammonia, and small doses of opium were given with a view to support the patient. Essence of beef and beef tea, of good quality, and in abundance, was furnished and given. The supply of medicines at this time was ample, but at times we were deficient in hospital stores.

He was presumably among the unknown soldiers buried in Yorktown National Cemetery.

No pension seems to be available.

His father was still living in Dewitt in 1870.

John P. Palmer

John P. Palmer was born in 1843 or 1844, possibly in New York, possibly the son of Othniel (b. 1806) and Almira (Thompson, b. 1815).

John’s family left New York and eventually settled in western Michigan.

By 1860 John was probably working as a farm laborer for the Gibson Cook family in Lamont, Tallmadge Township, Ottawa County; next door lived a 25-year-old farmer named Joseph Palmer (born in New York) and his wife, New York native Fanny (b. 1835); that same year there was also one John H. Palmer (b. 1844 in Connecticut), working as a clerk and living with his parents (?), M. L. and Mary Palmer, in Crockery, Ottawa County. (Interestingly, In 1869 Joseph and Fanny had a son they named John.)

He was 18 years old and possibly living in Wright or Chester, Ottawa County when he enlisted in Company B on May 13, 1861. (He may have been related to Abel Palmer, also from Ottawa County and who also enlisted in company B.)

John died of fever on April 27, 1862, in the Regimental hospital at Camp Scott, near Yorktown, Virginia.

According to the Regimental Surgeon Dr. Zenas Bliss,

The regiment was attached to General Berry’s brigade of General Kearney’s division of the Third Corps, and arrived at Fort Monroe on March 26th, 1862, and shortly afterwards moved to Yorktown, and encamped in a thick woods, intermingled with patches of swamp and pools of water, the ground being covered with fragments of fallen trees and decaying vegetable matter. Water could be obtained only by digging holes from two and a half to three feet in depth, and the surface obtained form these was all that the men had. The regiment remained in this camp about five weeks, and was doing picket and fatigue duty on trenches and fortifications all that time. A few intermittents and remittents [fevers] occurred, as also about forty cases of typhoid fever, all very severe, marked by epistaxis tympanitis, and, after a few days, hemorrhage from the bowels, the blood being evidently impoverished. Several of these cases proved fatal.

All of these patients had active, supporting treatment throughout. The sick were cared for at a hospital, about a mile and a half to the rear, composed of log huts or barracks, built and formerly occupied by the 53d Virginia Volunteers (Confederate), upon a sandy soil, where we obtained an abundance of excellent well water. These barracks were well ventilated, and accommodated a large number of sick and wounded from both the regulars and volunteers. I saw all of the sick and what few wounded there were at this hospital and had immediate charge of very many sick who were members of various regiments; and nearly all of the cases were either low remittents or typhoid fever. I say remittents, because some of them might be easily classed as such; but I believed then, as now, that they were almost pure enteric fever. I held autopsies of all that died who were under my charge, six in number. [Probably Harrison sickles of Company G, John Palmer of Company B, Stephen Scales of Company I, Edward Bugbee of Company K, Charles Howe of Company E and David Stone of Company H.] No post mortem was held on the case of typhus. All the deaths from typhoid fever occurred late in the course of the disease, and the majority from hemorrhages from the bowels, one from coma, and the others apparently from pure exhaustion. The abdominal viscera were those principally examined. Peyer’s glands were found in each case in a state of ulceration; some very large ulcers; some healing while others were in an inflamed condition. Some of the ulcerations extended nearly through the coats of the intestines. I preserved the specimens in each case, but subsequently lost them during the campaign. The small intestines, through their entire length, gave evidence of previous inflammatory action; but all the other abdominal viscera gave no evidence of either organic or serious functional disease, and the soft parts and glands, when divided with the scalpel, seemed to be almost exsanguined. I wish the blood could have been analysed, because I feel confident that the primary trouble was there. In cases of epistaxis, the blood gave only a faint coloring to the spots on linen, and it did not give to the linen that stiffened feel that we get when it is saturated with ordinary blood, from both of which I infer that the blood was deficient in plasma and coloring matter, or defibrinated. In these cases, quinine, brandy, ammonia, and small doses of opium were given with a view to support the patient. Essence of beef and beef tea, of good quality, and in abundance, was furnished and given. The supply of medicines at this time was ample, but at times we were deficient in hospital stores.

John was presumably among the unknown soldiers buried in Yorktown National Cemetery.

No pension seems to be available.

Edward Denison Bugbee - updated 1/28/2017

Edward Denison Bugbee was born on March 13, 1843, in Bennington, Shiawassee County, Michigan, the son of New York natives Denison Salmon (1815-1901) and Mary Ann Hill (1824-1879).

Denison and Mary were married on November 2, 1837, in Pontiac or Bloomfield, Oakland County, Michigan, and they eventually settled in Shiawassee County. By 1860 Edward was a farm laborer working for with Isaac Keeler, a farmer in Middleville, Barry County; working at the same farm was Oscar Gaines who would also enlist in Company K. He was also living with his family in Thornapple, Barry County. His parents were still in Thornapple in 1860.

Edward was 18 years old and probably living in Hastings, Barry County when he enlisted in Company K on May 13, 1861. (He was the nephew of Alpheus Hill of Company K, and possibly related to George Bugbee who was also from Barry County and who would enlist in E company in 1864.) Edward was reportedly sick in the Queen Mansion House hospital in Alexandria, as of December 12, 1861, but by the end of April of 1862 was in the regimental hospital probably near Yorktown, Virginia. In any case, he died of pneumonia on May 3, 1862, at a hospital in Yorktown, Virginia.

According to the Regimental Surgeon Dr. Zenas Bliss, the regimental hospital was about a mile and a half to the rear of the regiment’s camp. It was “composed of log huts or barracks, built and formerly occupied by the 53d Virginia Volunteers (Confederate), upon a sandy soil, where we obtained an abundance of excellent well water. These barracks were well ventilated, and accommodated a large number of sick and wounded from both the regulars and volunteers. I saw all of the sick and what few wounded there were at this hospital and had immediate charge of very many sick who were members of various regiments; and nearly all of the cases were either low remittents or typhoid fever.” With the exception of one case of typhus, Bliss held autopsies on the six men who died under his charge.

He was presumably among the unknown soldiers buried at Yorktown.

In 1863 Denison was reportedly operating a flouring mill in Middleville. His parents were still living in Middleville in 1870. His father Denison eventually settled in Oregon, and in 1892 applied for a dependent’s pension no. 565453. He was boarding with the Mclarren family in Soda Springs, Oregon in 1900. He died in Washington state and it is likely that his remains were returned to Michigan. Denison is apparently buried in Mt. Hope Cemetery, Middleville

Chandler Andrews updated 11/6/2017

Chandler Andrews, also known as “Andrus”, was born 1829 in Massachusetts or Ohio.

By 1850 Chandler was working as a laborer and living with the Parr family on a farm in Euclid, Cuyahoga County, Ohio.

Chandler was probably living in Euclid where he married Eliza J. (b. 1835) on June 23, 1852; they had at least two children: Charles E. (b. 1853) and Mary E. (b. 1858).

Chandler may have moved to Michigan after he was married and if so he may have purchased 40 acres of land in Ionia County. It seems fairly certain that between 1853 and 1858 Chandler moved his family from Euclid to Michigan, eventually settling in Caledonia, Kent County, and by 1860 he was working as a farmer and living with his wife in Caledonia.

He was 32 years old and living in Brownville, Caledonia Township, when he enlisted in Company K on May 13, 1861. (Chandler may have been related to Orlin “Andrus” who also enlisted in Company K.) In the summer of 1861 reports were apparently circulating among his family and friends at home that he was sick and absent from the Regiment. George Miller of Bowne, Kent County and a member of Company A who probably knew Andrews before the war, wrote home to his own family in Kent County in August of 1861, that “Chancie Andrews is alive and [has] been with this Regiment all the time.”

As the spring campaign got underway in eastern Virginia in early April of 1862, Chandler was taken ill near Yorktown, Virginia and by at least May 4, 1862, he was a patient in the military hospital at Yorktown. According to Lieutenant Milton Leonard of Company K, on or about April 10, while the Third Michigan was at Yorktown, Virginia, Chandler “while in the usual course of duty, and by necessary exposure which could not be avoided, he was taken ill with a severe cold which resulted in his death . . . of quick consumption.” Lieutenant Leonard added that the day before he was taken ill Chandler was detailed with a work party building a road.

Chandler did indeed die of consumption at the general hospital in Yorktown, on June 19, 1862, and was buried at Yorktown National Cemetery: grave no. 1078.

His widow received pension no. 64995. She was still living in North Brownville, Caledonia Township, but in June of 1865 married one Abraham Hawkins. The following year Eliza surrendered her pension in favor of her children who received a pension as minor children (no. 64995).